Florida Wormsnails and Boringsnails: Family Turritellida

Florida Wormsnails and Boringsnails: Family Turritellida

The Florida Wormsnail is one of two types of boring snails. The ios resembles a corkscrew which is used for drilling or boring.

Florida Wormsnail (S. Hutchinson Island- January 2021)

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Scientific classification
Kingdom:     Animalia
Phylum:     Mollusca
Class:     Gastropoda
Subclass:     Caenogastropoda
Clade:     Sorbeoconcha
Superfamily:     Cerithioidea
Family:     Turritellidae
Lovén, 1847

See text: Diversity[1]
21 extant genera
125 extant species

    Archimediellidae Starobogatov, 1982
    Zariinae Gray, 1850

Turritellidae, common name the "tower shells" or "tower snails", is a taxonomic family of small to medium-sized sea snails, marine gastropod molluscs in the clade Sorbeoconcha.

These snails are filter feeders. This method of feeding is somewhat unusual among gastropod mollusks, but is very common in bivalves.

Shell description
The shells of turritellid species have whorls that are more convex and an aperture which is more circular than it is in the auger shells which are similarly high-spired. The columella is curved and the thin operculum is horny.
Anatomy of the soft parts

These snails burrow into mud or sand. The foot is relatively small.
A medium-sized sea snail in a genus India
A fossil shell of Turritella communis from a deep borehole in the Netherlands
Turritella terebra shell on display.

The following five subfamilies were recognized in the taxonomy of Bouchet & Rocroi (2005):

    Turritellinae Lovén, 1847 - synonyms: Zariinae Gray, 1850; Zeacolpini Marwick, 1971; Archimediellidae Starobogatov, 1982; Tachyrhynchinae Golikov, 1986
    Orectospirinae Habe, 1955
    Pareorinae Finlay & Marwick, 1937
    Protominae Marwick, 1957
    Vermiculariinae Dall, 1913 - synonym: Pseudomesaliidae mahmoud, 1955 (inv.)

Genera within the family Turritellidae include:

    Archimediella Sacco, 1895
    Banzarecolpus Powell, 1957
    Colpospira Donald, 1900
    Gazameda Iredale, 1924
    Glyptozaria Iredale, 1924
    Incatella DeVries, 2007[2]
    Maoricolpus Finlay, 1927
    Spirocolpus Finlay, 1927
    Stiracolpus Finlay, 1926
    Tachyrhynchus Mörch, 1868
    Turritella Lamarck, 1799 - the type genus of the family, synonyms: Torcula Gray, 1847; Proto Blainville, 1824
        subgenus Haustator Montfort, 1810[3]
    Zeacolpus Finlay, 1927
    Zaria Gray, 1842: synonym of Turritella Lamarck, 1799


    Orectospira Dall, 1925


    † Batillona Finlay, 1927
    Pareora Marwick, 1931


    Protoma Baird, 1870 -( synonym: Protomella Thiele, 1929)


    Callostracum E. A. Smith, 1909
    Vermicularia Lamarck, 1799

family ?

    Armatus Golikov, 1986[4]
    † Colposigma Finlay & Marwick, 1937[5]
    Mesalia Gray, 1847[6]
    Neohaustator Ida, 1952[7]
    † Palmerella Allmon 1996[8]
    † Tropicolpus Marwick, 1931[9]

Palaeontological locations
Turritella from the Pleistocene of Sicily.

    The Turritellenplatte of Ermingen ("Erminger Turritellenplatte" near Ulm, Germany) is situated in the northern part of the North Alpine Foreland Basin (NAFB) and is famous for its abundance of Turritella turris gastropod shells within sedimentary deposits. The fauna of this gastropod-rich sandstone reflects mainly near-coastal and shallow marine conditions.[10] Petrographical and palaeontological data allow a correlation of Turritellenplatte of Ermingen with Burdigalian (Lower Miocene). Sr-isotope composition of shark teeth suggests an age of about 18,5 Ma for the Turritellenplatte of Ermingen.[11]


Strong E. E., Colgan D. J., Healy J. M., Lydeard C., Ponder W. F. & Glaubrecht M. (2011). "Phylogeny of the gastropod superfamily Cerithioidea using morphology and molecules". Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 162(1): 43-89. doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.2010.00670.x.
DeVries T. J. (2007). "Cenozoic Turritellidae (Gastropoda) from southern Peru". Journal of Paleontology 81(2): 331-351. doi:10.1666/0022-3360(2007)81[331:CTGFSP]2.0.CO;2.
Harzhauser M. (2007). "Oligocene and Aquitanian gastropod faunas from the Sultanate of Oman and their biogeographic implications for the western Indo-Pacific". Palaeontographica Abteilung A 280: 75-121. PDF.
Vos, C.; Bouchet, P. (2014). Armatus Golikov, 1986. In: MolluscaBase (2017). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=575786 on 2017-11-17
Marshall, B. (2017). Colposigma Finlay & Marwick, 1937 †. In: MolluscaBase (2017). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=828132 on 2017-11-17
Vos, C.; Bouchet, P.; Gofas, S. (2013). Mesalia Gray, 1847. In: MolluscaBase (2017). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=138613 on 2017-11-17
Bouchet, P. (2011). Neohaustator Ida, 1952. In: MolluscaBase (2017). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=575807 on 2017-11-17
Halder, K., & Sinha, P. (2014). "Some Eocene Cerithioids (Gastropoda, Mollusca) from Kutch, Western India, and Their Bearing on Palaeobiogeography of the Indian Subcontinent". Paleontology Journal, 2014, Article ID 673469, doi:10.1155/2014/673469.
Marshall, B. (2017). Tropicolpus. In: MolluscaBase (2017). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=828134 on 2017-11-17
Baier J. (2008). "Über die Tertiärbildungen im Ulmer Raum". Documenta Naturae 168: 1-32. München. ISBN 978-3-86544-168-3.

    Baier J. (2008). "Ein Beitrag zur Erminger Turritellenplatte (Mittlere Schwäbische Alb, SW-Deutschland)". Jahresbericht Mitt. oberrhein. geol. Ver., N.F. 90: 9-17. Stuttgart, ISSN 0078-2947.

Further reading

    Mayr H. (1985). A Guide to Fossils. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey, USA. (English translation 1992).
    Powell A. W. B. (1979). New Zealand Mollusca, William Collins Publishers Ltd, Auckland, New Zealand, ISBN 0-00-216906-1.
    Kiel S. (2003) New taxonomic data for the gastropod fauna of the Umzamba Formation (Santonian–Campanian, South Africa); Cretaceous Research 24 (2003) 449–475

External links
    Wikimedia Commons has media related to Turritellidae.

    "Turritellidae". Integrated Taxonomic Information System.
    Selachian fauna of Turritellenplatte: Abstract of Baier et al. 2004
    Age and Sedimentpetrography of Turritellenplatte: Abstract of Baier 2008
    Turritelidae species database
    Miocene Gastropods and Biostratigraphy of the Kern River Area, California; United States Geological Survey Professional Paper 642 This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.

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Vermicularia knorrii
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Scientific classification
Kingdom:     Animalia
Phylum:     Mollusca
Class:     Gastropoda
(unranked):     clade Caenogastropoda
clade Sorbeoconcha
Superfamily:     Cerithioidea
Family:     Turritellidae
Subfamily:     Vermiculariinae
Genus:     Vermicularia
Species:     V. knorrii
Binomial name
Vermicularia knorrii (Deshayes, 1843)

Vermetus knorrii Deshaayes, 1843

Vermicularia knorrii, common name Florida worm snail, is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Turritellidae.[1]

The shell of this species can reaches a length of 20 – 80 mm.[2] When the shell is intact, the apex is pure white, somewhat translucent, and tightly coiled into a "Turritella" shape. However, the subsequent whorls are brown, and they are loosely and irregular coiled, such that the whorls do not touch.

This species is found in the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico (being known from the Yucatan, Florida, Bermuda, Cuba, Jamaica, and Puerto Rico.)

The minimum recorded depth for this species is 2 m; the maximum recorded depth is 110 m.[2]

Vermicularia knorrii (Deshayes, 1843). Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 17 May 2010.

    Welch J. J. (2010). "The "Island Rule" and Deep-Sea Gastropods: Re-Examining the Evidence". PLOS One 5(1): e8776. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0008776.

External links

    "Vermicularia knorrii". Gastropods.com. Retrieved 16 January 2019.


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