Chestnut Turban

Chestnut Turban
Turbo castanea (Gmelin, 1791)
Family Turbinidae

Chestnut Turbans are the most popular turbans found on S. Hutchinson Island. Usually you can find one or two every collecting trip.

Chestnut Turban found on S. Hutchinson Island in January 2021

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Turbo castanea
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Scientific classification
Kingdom:     Animalia
Phylum:     Mollusca
Class:     Gastropoda
Subclass:     Vetigastropoda
Order:     Trochida
Superfamily:     Trochoidea
Family:     Turbinidae
Genus:     Turbo
Species:     T. castanea
Binomial name
Turbo castanea
Gmelin, 1791

    Aorotrema erraticum Pilsbry & McGinty, 1945
    Lunatica granulata Röding, 1798
    Lunatica tuberculata Röding, 1798
    Trochus quadriseriatus Anton, 1838
    Turbo ayersi Olsson, 1967
    Turbo castanea f. crenulata Gmelin, 1791
    Turbo castanea f. moltkiana Gmelin, 1791
    Turbo castaneus Gmelin, 1791
    Turbo crenulatus Gmelin, 1791
    Turbo granulata Röding, 1798
    Turbo hippocastanum Lamarck, 1822
    Turbo mammillatus Donovan, E., 1804
    Turbo muricatus Usticke, 1959
    Turbo venezuelensis Weisbord, 1962
    Turbo versicolor Usticke, 1959
    Turbo virens Anton, 1839
    Turbo (Lunatica) granulata Röding, P.F., 1798
    Turbo (Marmarostoma) castanea Gmelin, 1791

Turbo castanea, common names chestnut turban, chestnut turban snail-brown and cat eye snail,[2] is a species of sea snail, marine gastropod mollusk in the family Turbinidae.[3]

Distribution of Turbo castanea include: Aruba, Belize, Bonaire, Caribbean Sea, Cayman Islands, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Curaçao, Gulf of Mexico, Hispaniola, Jamaica, Mexico, Panama, Puerto Rico, Venezuela.;[1] in the Atlantic Ocean from North Carolina to Brazil.
Abapertural view

The maximum recorded shell length is 55 mm.[4]

This is an abundant species that is variable both in color and the prominence of the sculpture. The solid, imperforate shell has an ovate-conic shape. It is orange-colored, brown or gray, sometimes banded, flammulated, or maculated with white or brown. The conic spire is acute. The suture is subcanaliculate. The 5-6 convex whorls are somewhat flattened in the middle. They are ornamented with numerous unequal spiral granose, spinose or squamose lirae, of which the subsutural and three or four submedian are more prominent. The typical form is very sharply sculptured, the principal lirae occasionally bearing vaulted scales. The white aperture is subcircular, and subangular above. There is no umbilicus. The peristome is slightly produced below. The columella has a heavy white callus.

The operculum is castaneous within, with four rapidly increasing whorls. Its nucleus is one-third the distance across the face. The outer surface is convex and nearly smooth. It is white, or stained with brown and green around the middle.[5]

Minimum recorded depth is 0 m.[4] Maximum recorded depth is 141 m.[4]

WoRMS (2010). Turbo castanea Gmelin, 1791. In: Bouchet, P.; Gofas, S.; Rosenberg, G. (2010) World Marine Mollusca database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at on 2010-12-25
"Chestnut Turban Snail-Brown". accessed 25 December 2010.
Turbo castanea Gmelin, 1791. Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 27 September 2012.
Welch J. J. (2010). "The "Island Rule" and Deep-Sea Gastropods: Re-Examining the Evidence". PLoS ONE 5(1): e8776. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0008776.

    G.W. Tryon (1888), Manual of Conchology X; Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia

    Gmelin, J. F. 1791. Systema naturae per regna tria naturae. Editio decima tertia. Systema Naturae, 13th ed., vol. 1(6): 3021–3910. Lipsiae
    Röding, P. F. 1798. Museum Boltenianum. viii + 199 pp. Hamburg.
    Anton, H. E. 1838. Verzeichniss der Conchylien. xvi + 110 pp
    Donovan, E. 1804. The Natural History of British Shells, including figures and descriptions of all the species hitherto discovered in Great Britain, systemically arranged in the Linnean manner, with scientific and general observations on each. Natural History of British Shells
    Lamarck, [J. B.] 1822. Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Histoire Naturelle des Animaux sans Vertèbres 7: [iii] + 711 pp. Author: Paris
    Philippi, R. A. 1849. Centuria altera testaceorum novorum. Zeitschrift für Malakozoologie 5: 99-112
    Pilsbry, H. A. and T. L. McGinty. 1945. Cyclostrematidae and Vitrinellidae of Florida—I. Nautilus 59: 1-13, pls. 1-2
    Usticke, G. W. Nowell. 1959. A Check List of Marine Shells of St. Croix. vi + 90, 4 pls. Author: Christiansted, St. Croix
    Weisbord, N. E. 1962. Late Cenozoic gastropods from northern Venezuela. Bulletins of American Paleontology 42(193): 672 pp., 48 pls.
    Turgeon, D.D., et al. 1998. Common and scientific names of aquatic invertebrates of the United States and Canada. American Fisheries Society Special Publication 26 page(s): 60
    Alf A. & Kreipl K. (2003). A Conchological Iconography: The Family Turbinidae, Subfamily Turbininae, Genus Turbo. Conchbooks, Hackenheim Germany.
    Williams, S.T. (2007). Origins and diversification of Indo-West Pacific marine fauna: evolutionary history and biogeography of turban shells (Gastropoda, Turbinidae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2007, 92, 573–592.
    Rosenberg, G., F. Moretzsohn, and E. F. García. 2009. Gastropoda (Mollusca) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 579–699 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas.
    Rubio F., Fernández-Garcés R. & Rolán E. (2011) The family Tornidae (Gastropoda, Rissooidea) in the Caribbean and neighboring areas. Iberus 29(2): 1–230. [December 2011]

External links
    Wikimedia Commons has media related to Turbo castanea.

    "Turbo (Marmarostoma) castanea". Retrieved 16 January 2019.
Chestnut Turban

Shell size to 38 mm; shell turbinate. Sculpture of spiral rows of beads, sometimes with small spines on whorl shoulders. Color tan to light-brown, with patches of brown, reddish-brown and cream.

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